ATT LÖPA LINAN – FASCISMENS FRAMVÄXT I EUROPA 1922-1939.

gårDagens kvinna: Madame Saqui (1786-1866)

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Marguerites pappa var cirkusakrobat, men ingen var intresserad av cirkus under den franska revolutionen, så han sålde hemmagjord medicin istället. Pappan var emot hennes cirkusdrömmar, så hon letade upp en gammal vän till honom som lärde upp henne i smyg. När hon var 11 år gick hon på lina för publik första gången. Det var så lyckat att familjen startade en cirkusgrupp med dottern som huvudattraktion. När hon var 18 gifte hon sig med akrobaten Julian Saqui och tog sig artistnamnet Madame Saqui. Hon lindansade på Grand Tivoli i Paris, inför Napoleon för att fira hans segrar och mellan Notre Dames två torn, 70 meter över marken.

Saqui2

Kronologi

3 matisse

Henri Matisse (1869-1954): Zorah eller Marockansk kvinna (1912).

Sett

3 hyde park

* Hyde Park Corner – England 1935 Sinclair Hill

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3 squibs

* Squibs – England 1935 Henry Edwards

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3 car

* Car of dreams – England 1935 Austin Melford, Graham Cutts

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WWII (Europe) IN FILMS

FASCISM 1922-1939
1922
30/10 Mussolini becomes the Italian Prime Minister

1923
8/11 The beer putsch in München is a failure. Hitler imprisoned.

1925
18/7 Mein Kampf is published in Munich

1926
8/8 Germany admitted to the League of Nations

1929
/6 Hitler becomes a national figure

1930
14/9 German election – the Nazi party second largest

1932
/4 Hitler defeated in election – the SA is banned
/6 The SA ban is lifted
/7 Nazi party largest, but without majority

1933
/1 Hitler becomes Chancellor
27/2 Reichstag fire, civil liberties suspended
28/3 Enabling act gives Hitler dictorial powers
14/10 Germany leaves the League of Nations

1934
6/2 Fascist riots in Paris
30/6 Night of the long knives. Nazis purge the SA
/8 Hindenburg dies. Hitler becomes Führer and the Supreme Commander
/10 Hitler orders creation of an air force and expansion of the army and navy

1935
13/1 Saar votes to return to Germany
7/3 Saar restored to Germany
15/9 Anti-Jewish Nürnberg laws. The Swastika becomes the official German flag
3/10 Italy invades Ethiopia

1936
7/3 Germany reoccupies the Rhineland
18/7 Spanish Civil war starts
3/8 Italy annexes Ethiopia
24/8 Compulsory two-year military service in Germany
25/10 Berlin-Rome Axis agreement

1937
8/2 Franco’s forces take Málaga
27/4 Axis’ bombing destroys Guernica
12/6 Heydrich issues the Racial Violence decree
25-28/9 Mussolini visits Berlin
16/10 Fascist party formed in Hungary
20/11 Italo-Austro-Hungarian pact extended

1938
12/3 The Anschluss in Austria
15/4 Franco’s troops take Vinaroz. Republican Spain severed in two
12/8 Germany mobilizes
9/11 Kristallnacht
6/12 Franco-German non-agression pact

Great International Heavyweight Boxing Contest Between Joe Louis and Max Schmeling 1936 (RKO) the two fights came to symbolize the struggle between democracy and fascism – the first fight

01 Obyknovennyy-fashizm-1960
Obyknovennyi faschism /Ordinary fascism – Sov 1965 Mikhail Romm (138) the rise and fall of fascism and the effects of Nazism on German society (Spanish subtitles)

001 confessions.png

Confessions of a Nazi spy 1939 (WB) Anatole Litvak (110) spies, US (trailer)

Hört

A HISTORY OF THE MUSICAL
1914

Mam’selle Tra-La-La
1914 London

Odds and ends
1914, Ambassadors Th. London

When Claudia laughs
Feb 2 1914, New York

After the girl
Feb 17 1914, Gaiety Th. London

1914 crinoline

The crinoline girl
Mar 16 1914, Knickerbocker Th. New York
Percy Wenrich – Otto Hauerbach/Julian Eltinge
with Eltinge (above)

1914 ziegfeld.jpg

The Ziegfeld Follies of 1914
Jun 1 1914, New Amsterdam Th, New York
Raymond Hubbell, David Stamper – George V Hubbar, Gene Buck
director: Leon Errol (replacing Julian Mitchell after a battle with Ziegfeld)
Ed Wynn, Errol, Bert Williams, Annette Kellerman, Ann Pennington
Darktown Poker Club (William)
Joe King the Joke King (Wynn)

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